General Motors to source US-based lithium for its next-gen EV batteries

2 July 2021, 09:11:32

General Motors to source US-based lithium for its next-gen EV batteriesGeneral Motors has agreed to form a strategic investment and commercial collaboration with Controlled Thermal Resources to secure local and low-cost lithium. This lithium will be produced through a closed-loop, direct extraction process that results in a smaller physical footprint, no production tailing and lower carbon dioxide emissions when compared to traditional processes like pit mining or evaporation ponds. Lithium is a metal crucial to GM's plans to make more affordable, higher mileage electric vehicles. Most lithium used in lithium-ion batteries is currently mined and processed outside of the U.S.

The relationship between GM and CTR is expected to accelerate the adoption of lithium extraction methods that cause less impact to the environment. A significant amount of GM's future battery-grade lithium hydroxide and carbonate could come from CTR's Hell's Kitchen Lithium and Power development in the Salton Sea Geothermal Field, located in Imperial, California. With the help of GM's investment, CTR's closed-loop, direct extraction process will recover lithium from geothermal brine.

As an anticipated part of its $35 billion global commitment to EVs and autonomous vehicles, GM will be the first company to make a multi-million dollar investment in CTR's Hell's Kitchen project. As the first investor, GM will have first rights on lithium produced by the first stage of the Hell's Kitchen project, including an option for a multi-year relationship.

Batteries are and will remain one of the largest cost drivers of EVs. Lithium is a key battery material used in the cathodes and electrolytes of GM EVs like the Chevrolet Bolt EV and Bolt EUV. Lithium will become even more important in battery use as GM explores lithium metal batteries with a protected anode. The first stage of the Hell's Kitchen project is expected to begin yielding lithium in 2024, helping GM to meet its aspiration of eliminating tailpipe emissions from light-duty vehicles by 2035.

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EV Specifications

Complete specifications of EVs, grouped according to their brand and year

AudiBMWBytonChevroletDaciae.GOFIATFordHondaHyundaiJaguarKIAMazdaMercedes-BenzMGMININIONissanOpelPeugeotPolestarPorscheRenaultRivianSEATŠKODAsmartTeslaVolkswagenVolvo

Featured

Specifications of some of the most interesting and anticipated EVs.

2022 KIA EV6

2022 KIA EV6 Extended Range 4WD GT

Length: 184.8 in / 4695 mm
Height: 61.0 in / 1550 mm
Location: Rear
Location: Front
Battery: 77.4 kWh, Voltage: 697 V

2022 KIA EV6

2022 KIA EV6 Extended Range 4WD GT-Line S

Length: 184.8 in / 4695 mm
Height: 61.0 in / 1550 mm
Curb weight: 4530.5 lb / 2055 kg
Electric motor #1: 165 kW @ 4500 - 7700 rpm, 350 Nm @ 4500 - 7700 rpm, Location: Rear
Electric motor #2: 74 kW @ 4500 - 7700 rpm, 255 Nm @ 4500 - 7700 rpm, Location: Front
Battery: 77.4 kWh, Voltage: 697 V

2022 KIA EV6

2022 KIA EV6 Extended Range 4WD GT-Line

Length: 184.8 in / 4695 mm
Height: 61.0 in / 1550 mm
Curb weight: 4497.43 lb / 2040 kg
Electric motor #1: 165 kW @ 4500 - 7700 rpm, 350 Nm @ 4500 - 7700 rpm, Location: Rear
Electric motor #2: 74 kW @ 4500 - 7700 rpm, 255 Nm @ 4500 - 7700 rpm, Location: Front
Battery: 77.4 kWh, Voltage: 697 V

2022 BMW iX xDrive50

2022 BMW iX xDrive50

Doors: 5, Seats: 5
Length: 195.0 in / 4953 mm
Width: 77.4 in / 1967 mm
Height: 66.8 in / 1696 mm
Curb weight: 5379.28 lb / 2440 kg
Electric motor #1: 250 kW, 400 Nm, Location: Rear
Electric motor #2: 200 kW, 352 Nm, Location: Front
Battery: 111.5 kWh, Voltage: 330.3 V

2022 BMW i4 M50

2022 BMW i4 M50

Doors: 5, Seats: 5
Length: 188.3 in / 4783 mm
Width: 72.9 in / 1852 mm
Height: 57.0 in / 1448 mm
Curb weight: 5048.59 lb / 2290 kg
Electric motor #1: 230 kW @ 8000 - 17000 rpm, Location: Rear
Electric motor #2: 190 kW @ 8000 - 17000 rpm, Location: Front
Battery: 83.9 kWh, Voltage: 398.5 V

2022 Hyundai IONIQ 5

2022 Hyundai IONIQ 5 Long Range AWD

Doors: 5, Seats: 5
Length: 182.5 in / 4635 mm
Width: 74.4 in / 1890 mm
Height: 63.2 in / 1605 mm
Location: Rear
Location: Front
Battery: 72.6 kWh, Voltage: 800 V

2022 Hyundai IONIQ 5

2022 Hyundai IONIQ 5 Long Range RWD

Doors: 5, Seats: 5
Length: 182.5 in / 4635 mm
Width: 74.4 in / 1890 mm
Height: 63.2 in / 1605 mm
Electric motor: 160 kW, 350 Nm, Location: Rear
Battery: 72.6 kWh, Voltage: 800 V

2022 Chevrolet Bolt EUV

2022 Chevrolet Bolt EUV Launch Edition

Doors: 5, Seats: 5
Length: 169.5 in / 4305 mm
Width: 69.7 in / 1770 mm
Height: 63.6 in / 1616 mm
Curb weight: 3679.52 lb / 1669 kg
Electric motor: 150 kW, 360 Nm, Location: Front
Battery: 65 kWh, Voltage: 350 V

2022 Chevrolet Bolt EUV

2022 Chevrolet Bolt EUV Premier

Doors: 5, Seats: 5
Length: 169.5 in / 4305 mm
Width: 69.7 in / 1770 mm
Height: 63.6 in / 1616 mm
Curb weight: 3679.52 lb / 1669 kg
Electric motor: 150 kW, 360 Nm, Location: Front
Battery: 65 kWh, Voltage: 350 V

2022 Chevrolet Bolt EV

2022 Chevrolet Bolt EV Launch Edition

Doors: 5, Seats: 5
Length: 163.2 in / 4145 mm
Width: 69.5 in / 1765 mm
Height: 63.4 in / 1611 mm
Curb weight: 3589.13 lb / 1628 kg
Electric motor: 150 kW, 360 Nm, Location: Front
Battery: 65 kWh, Voltage: 350 V

2022 Chevrolet Bolt EV

2022 Chevrolet Bolt EV 2LT

Doors: 5, Seats: 5
Length: 163.2 in / 4145 mm
Width: 69.5 in / 1765 mm
Height: 63.4 in / 1611 mm
Curb weight: 3589.13 lb / 1628 kg
Electric motor: 150 kW, 360 Nm, Location: Front
Battery: 65 kWh, Voltage: 350 V

2021 Volkswagen ID.3

2021 Volkswagen ID.3 Pro S Tour

Doors: 5, Seats: 4
Length: 167.8 in / 4261 mm
Width: 71.2 in / 1809 mm
Height: 61.7 in / 1568 mm
Curb weight: 4263.74 lb / 1934 kg
Electric motor: 110 kW, 310 Nm, Location: Rear
Battery: 45 kWh, Voltage: 408 V

2021 Volkswagen ID.3

2021 Volkswagen ID.3 Pro Performance Max

Doors: 5, Seats: 5
Length: 167.8 in / 4261 mm
Width: 71.2 in / 1809 mm
Height: 61.7 in / 1568 mm
Curb weight: 3979.34 lb / 1805 kg
Electric motor: 150 kW, 310 Nm, Location: Rear
Battery: 58 kWh, Voltage: 408 V

2021 Opel Mokka-e

2021 Opel Mokka-e Launch Edition

Doors: 5, Seats: 5
Length: 163.4 in / 4151 mm
Width: 70.5 in / 1791 mm
Height: 60.3 in / 1532 mm
Electric motor: 100 kW, 260 Nm, Location: Front
Battery: 50 kWh

2021 Hyundai KONA Electric

2021 Hyundai KONA Electric Ultimate 64 kWh

Doors: 4, Seats: 5
Length: 164.6 in / 4180 mm
Width: 70.9 in / 1800 mm
Height: 61.2 in / 1555 mm
Curb weight: 3836.04 lb / 1740 kg
Electric motor: 150 kW @ 3600 rpm, 395 Nm, Location: Front
Battery: 64 kWh, Voltage: 356 V

2021 Tesla Model 3

2021 Tesla Model 3 Performance AWD

Doors: 4, Seats: 5
Length: 184.8 in / 4694 mm
Width: 72.8 in / 1849 mm
Height: 56.8 in / 1443 mm
Curb weight: 4100.6 lb / 1860 kg
Electric motor #1: 211 kW, Location: Rear
Electric motor #2: 147 kW, Location: Front
Battery: 79.5 kWh, Voltage: 360 V

2021 Tesla Model 3

2021 Tesla Model 3 Long Range AWD

Doors: 4, Seats: 5
Length: 184.8 in / 4694 mm
Width: 72.8 in / 1849 mm
Height: 56.8 in / 1443 mm
Curb weight: 4071.94 lb / 1847 kg
Electric motor #1: 188 kW, Location: Rear
Electric motor #2: 147 kW, Location: Front
Battery: 79.5 kWh, Voltage: 360 V

2021 Tesla Model Y

2021 Tesla Model Y Performance AWD

Doors: 4, Seats: 5 / 7
Length: 187.0 in / 4751 mm
Width: 75.6 in / 1921 mm
Height: 63.9 in / 1624 mm
Curb weight: 4415.86 lb / 2003 kg
Location: Rear
Location: Front
Battery: 74 kWh