Comparison between:
- 2014 Tesla Model S P85+
- 2020 Tesla Model S Performance (SR)

Brand, model, trim, price

Information about the brand, series, model name and year, trim and price of the electric vehicle.

2014 Tesla Model S P85+2020 Tesla Model S Performance (SR)
2014 Tesla Model S P85+2020 Tesla Model S Performance (SR)
Model alias-Model S Performance Switched Reluctance
TrimP85+Performance (SR)
Model year20142020
MarketNorth America, EuropeNorth America, Europe, China, Australia
Price-USD 94,990 (USA, May 2020)
GBP 91,800 (UK, Jul 2019)
EUR 102,700 (DE, Jul 2019)
AUD 174,665 (AU, Jul 2019)
CNY 893,900 (China, Jul 2019)

Body style, dimensions, volumes, weights.

Information about the EV body style, dimensions, clearance, volumes, curb weight, GVWR.

Body styleSedanSedan
MaterialsAluminium
high-strength boron steel
Aluminium
high-strength boron steel
Exterior colorsSolid Black
Solid White
Steel Grey Metallic
Silver Metallic
Brown Metallic
Blue Metallic
Green Metallic
Pearl White Multi-Coat
Red Multi-Coat
Solid Black
Midnight Silver Metallic
Deep Blue Metallic
Pearl White Multi-Coat
Red Multi-Coat
Interior colorsBlack
Grey
Tan
Black
Black and White
Cream
Number of doors44
Number of seats55
Length196.0 in
4978 mm
196.0 in
4978 mm
Width77.3 in
1963 mm
77.3 in
1963 mm
Width with mirrors86.2 in
2189 mm
86.2 in
2189 mm
Width with folded mirrors77.3 in
1963 mm
77.3 in
1963 mm
Height56.5 in
1435 mm
56.5 in
1435 mm
Wheelbase116.5 in
2960 mm
116.5 in
2960 mm
Front track65.4 in
1661 mm
65.4 in
1661 mm
Rear track66.9 in
1699 mm
66.9 in
1699 mm
Clearance6.0 in
152 mm
5.3 in
135 mm
Minimum clearance-4.6 in
117 mm
Maximum clearance-6.3 in
160 mm
Front headroom38.8 in
986 mm
38.8 in
986 mm
Rear headroom35.3 in
897 mm
35.3 in
897 mm
Front shoulder room57.7 in
1466 mm
57.7 in
1466 mm
Rear shoulder room55.0 in
1397 mm
55.0 in
1397 mm
Front hip room55.0 in
1397 mm
55.0 in
1397 mm
Rear hip room54.7 in
1389 mm
54.7 in
1389 mm
Front legroom42.7 in
1085 mm
42.7 in
1085 mm
Rear legroom35.4 in
899 mm
35.4 in
899 mm
Trunk volume744.7 l
26.30 ft3
0.74 m3
744.7 l
26.30 ft3
0.74 m3
Maximum trunk volume1645.2 l
58.10 ft3
1.65 m3
1645.2 l
58.10 ft3
1.65 m3
Secondary trunk volume150.1 l
5.30 ft3
0.15 m3
59.5 l
2.10 ft3
0.06 m3
Curb weight4647.34 lb
2108 kg
4940.56 lb
2241 kg
Payload1062.63 lb
482 kg
1056.01 lb
479 kg
GVWR5709.97 lb
2590 kg
5996.57 lb
2720 kg
Drag coefficient0.24 Cd0.24 Cd
Additional informationOptional rear-facing child seat available (seats up to two children)Overhang front / rear - 929 / 1081 mm
Optional rear-facing child seat available (seats up to two children)
The single value ground clearance is valid for the AWD version with Coil Suspension
The ground clearance range is valid for vehicles with Air Suspension

Electric motor

Information about the model's electric motor and its performance

ManufacturerTeslaTesla
Electric motor typeAC induction/asynchronousAC induction/asynchronous
Location of the motorRearRear
Voltage375 V320 V
Power310 kW
415.7 hp
421.5 ps
375 kW
502.9 hp
509.9 ps
Maximum power RPM5000 - 8600 rpm5900 rpm
Torque600 Nm
61.2 kgm
442.5 ft-lb
650 Nm
66.3 kgm
479.4 ft-lb
Regenerative brakingYesYes
Driving modes-Ludicrous
Additional information3-phase 4-pole AC induction motor with a copper rotor
Liquid cooled with variable frequency drive
3-phase 4-pole AC induction motor with a copper rotor
Liquid cooled with variable frequency drive

Second electric motor

Information about the model's second motor and its performance.

Manufacturer-Tesla
Model-L13
Motor type-Switched reluctance
Location-Front
Voltage-320 V
Power-193 kW
258.8 hp
262.4 ps
Maximum power RPM-6100 rpm
Torque-330 Nm
33.7 kgm
243.4 ft-lb
Regenerative braking-Yes
Additional features-A specific switched reluctance phase-permanent magnet motor with variable frequency drive and liquid cooling.
Liquid cooled with variable frequency drive

Performance

Information about the top speed and acceleration of the model.

Top speed129.9 mph
209.0 km/h
155.3 mph
250.0 km/h
Acceleration from 0 to 100 km/h4.40 s2.60 s
Acceleration from 0 to 60 mph4.20 s2.40 s

Driving range

Information about the official driving range of the model according to EPA, NEDC, WPTL.

Driving rangeEPA: 271.5 mi / 437.0 kmNEDC: 416.9 mi / 671.0 km
EPA: 326.0 mi / 524.6 km
EPA: 348.0 mi / 560.0 km

Energy efficiency

Information about the energy efficiency of the model in various measurement units according to EPA, NEDC, WPTL.

Energy efficiencyEPA, CMB: 38 kWh/100 mi
EPA, CTY: 88 MPGe
EPA, CMB: 89 MPGe
EPA, HWY: 90 MPGe
EPA, CMB: 32 kWh/100 mi
EPA, CMB: 35 kWh/100 mi
EPA, HWY: 96 MPGe
EPA, CMB: 97 MPGe
EPA, CTY: 98 MPGe
EPA, CMB: 104 MPGe
EPA, CTY: 104 MPGe
EPA, HWY: 104 MPGe

Energy class

Information about the energy class of the electric car.

Energy classAA+

Steering

Information about the type of the steering mechanism of the model and related features.

Type of steering mechanismRack and pinionRack and pinion
Type of power steeringElectronicElectronic
Turning circle11.27 m
36.98 ft
11.8 m
38.71 ft
Lock-to-lock turns2.452.05

Transmission

Information about the transmission of the model.

Type of transmissionAutomatic single-speed reduction gearAutomatic single-speed reduction gear
DrivetrainRear-wheel drive (RWD)All-wheel drive (AWD)
Axle ratio9.739.734
Axle ratio of the second electric motor.-9.325

Suspension

Information about the system of components that connects the wheels and axles to the chassis.

Front suspensionIndependent
Double wishbone
Anti-roll bar (stabilizer link / stabilizer bar)
Shock absorbers
Smart Air Suspension (optional)
Independent
Double wishbone
Coil springs (helical springs)
Telescopic shock absorbers
Optional air suspension with fully-adaptive damping
Anti-roll bar (stabilizer link / stabilizer bar)
Rear suspensionIndependent
Multi-link
Anti-roll bar (stabilizer link / stabilizer bar)
Shock absorbers
Smart Air Suspension (optional)
Independent
Multi-link
Coil springs (helical springs)
Telescopic shock absorbers
Optional air suspension with fully-adaptive damping
Anti-roll bar (stabilizer link / stabilizer bar) for air suspension vehicles only

Brakes

Information about the brake system used on this model.

Front brakesVentilated discsVentilated discs
Rear brakesVentilated discsVentilated discs
Additional informationFront brakes: Aluminium 4 piston fixed calliper with 355 mm x 32 mm ventilated rotor
Rear brakes: Aluminium 4 piston fixed calliper with 365 mm x 28 mm ventilated rotor
Front brakes: Aluminium 4 piston fixed calliper with 355 mm x 32 mm ventilated rotor
Rear brakes: Aluminium 4 piston fixed calliper with 365 mm x 28 mm ventilated rotor

Rims

Information about the rims available for this electric car.

Rims8Jx19 ET40
8.5Jx21 ET40
8.5Jx21 ET40
9Jx21 ET40
8Jx19 ET40
8.5Jx21 ET40
8.5Jx21 ET40
9Jx21 ET40

Tyres

Information about the tyres available for this electric vehicle.

Tyres245/35R21 96Y
245/45R19 98V
265/35R21 101Y
245/35R21
245/45R19 98V
245/35R21 96Y
265/35R21

Battery

Specifications and features of the rechargeable battery that powers this vehicle.

ManufacturerPanasonicPanasonic
ModelNCR18650ANCR18650A
Type of rechargeable batteryLithium-IonLithium-Ion
Battery capacity85 kWh100 kWh
Number of cells71048256
Number of modules1616
Voltage346 V400 V
Energy density225 Wh/kg-
Weight1330.05 lb
603.3 kg
-
LocationUnder the floor, middleUnder the floor, middle
CoolingWater-based coolant circulationWater-based coolant circulation
Minimum ambient temperature-30 °C
-22 °F
-30 °C
-22 °F
Maximum ambient temperature60 °C
140 °F
60 °C
140 °F

Charging type

Information about the different types of charging of this specific electric car.

Charging typeNEMA 5-15, 1.44 kW
SAE J1772 Adapter, 5.76 kW
NEMA 14-50, 9.6 kW
Wall Connector, 11.5 kW
Supercharger, 120 kW
NEMA 5-15, 1.44 kW
SAE J1772 Adapter, 5.76 kW
NEMA 14-50, 9.6 kW
Wall Connector, 11.5 kW
Supercharger, 120 kW
Ssupercharger, 200 kW

Onboard charger/Charging port

Information about the onboard charger(s)/charging port(s) available on this electric vehicle.

Onboard charger/Charging portOnboard charger, Tesla, 10 kW
Onboard charger, Type 2, 11 kW
Twin chargers, Tesla, 20 kW
Twin chargers, Type 2, 22 kW
Onboard charger, Type 2, 11 kW
Onboard charger, Tesla, 11.5 kW

Charging time

Information about the estimated charging time for this EV depending on the various type of charging it supports.

Charging timeSupercharger, 0:45
Wall Connector, 4:15
Wall Connector, 8:30
NEMA 14-50, 8:51
SAE J1772 Adapter, 15:27
NEMA 5-15, 59:02
Supercharger 200 kW, 0:24
Supercharger 120 kW, 0:40
SAE J1772 Adapter, 5:13-17:22
Wall Connector, 8:42
NEMA 14-50, 10:25
NEMA 5-15, 69:27

Additional features

A list of standard and optional exterior and interior features of the model.

Additional featuresAutomatic keyless entry (O)
Carbon fibre rear spoiler (O)
Center armrest with two cup holders (S)
Chrome visual cues on the left, right and and rear center bumper (O)
Front air intakes (O)
Front sun visors with mirrors (S)
Fully trimmed frunk and rear cargo area with keyless open (S)
Glove compartment (S)
Keyless entry (S)
Micro-filter ventilation system with replaceable filters (S)
Open center console storage area (S)
Parcel shelf (S)
Red Brake Calipers (O)
3-point front seats safety belts with pretentioners, load limiters, lap anchor pretensioners (S)
3-point second row safety belts for all seats (S)
4-wheel anti-lock braking system (ABS) (S)
Advanced side curtain air bags (S)
Anti-theft alarm and immobilizer system (S)
Crash sensor for high voltage disconnect (S)
Driver and front passenger knee air bags (S)
Driver and front passenger seat sensors (S)
Driver and front passenger seat side air bags (S)
Driver and passenger front air bags (S)
Driver seat position sensor (S)
Electronic Brake Force Distribution (S)
Forward looking radar in the lower front grille
Front and rear parking sensors (O)
Front row acoustic safety belt warning (S)
High-precision electronic
Integrated Advanced Stability Control (S)
Interior, emergency manual release mechanism for all doors, frunk and rear cargo area (S)
Lane depart sensors (O)
Looking forward camera in the top centre of the windshield (O)
Rear door child safety locks (S)
Rollover crash sensor (S)
Speed assist (O)
Three second row LATCH attchments (S)
Tire pressure monitoring system (S)
Traffic aware cruise control (TACC) (O)
Ultrasonic sensors on the front and rear bumpers (O)
12V power outlet (S)
17-inch capacitive touchscreen (S)
AM/FM/HD radio (S)
Amplifier (O)
Bluetooth (S)
Cruise control (S)
Dual-front USB ports (S)
Flash memory storage (S)
High-definition back-up camera (O)
Homelink for garage door opening (O)
Satellite radio (O)
7 x speakers, 200-watt stereo system (S)
12 x speakers, 580-watt Dolby Pro Logic IIx 7.1 surround sound (O)
Standard-definition back-up camera (S)
Streaming audio (S)
Turn by turn navigation with 7 years of free map updates (O)
Wi-Fi ready (S)
Wireless connectivity (capability) (O)
Automatic dual-zone climate control (S)
60/40 split fold-down rear seatback (S)
Built-in rear-facing child seats (O)
Driver seat detection sensor for start-stop functionality (S)
Front seats with memory settings (O)
Heated eight-way power front seats with four-way power lumbar (S)
Heated front and rear seats (O)
3-spoke multi-function steering wheel with tactile controls (S)
All-glass panoramic roof (O)
Auto present door handles (O)
Black or body coloured aluminum roof (S)
Flush-mounted door handles (S)
Frameless, tempered safety glass front windows (S)
Heated windshield wipers (O)
Lighted door handles
Manual rear liftgate (S)
Metal interior door handles (S)
Power rear liftgate (O)
Power windows with one-touch up/down (S)
Rain-sensing, adjustable-speed windshield wipers (S)
Solar-absorbing, laminated safety glass rear window with defroster (S)
UV and infrared blocking safety glass windshield (S)
Auto-dimming mirrors
Heated side mirrors (O)
Manual-folding side mirrors (S)
Automatic high-beam control
Bi-functional automatic halogen headlights (S)
Bi-functional high intensity Xenon headlamps (O)
Convenience lighting (O)
Fascia-mounted rear reflex reflectors (S)
Feature backlit, turn side-repeator lamps (S)
Front LED map lights (S)
High-mounted LED stop lamp (S)
LED cornering lights (O)
LED daytime running lights (O)
LED front and rear side-marker lights (S)
LED front fog lamps (O)
LED rear taillights (S)
Liftgate mounted LED tail and LED back up lamps (S)
Park lights (S)
Premium Interior LED Lighting (O)
Steering-activated LED cornering lights (O)
Gloss wood trim (O)
Lacewood trim (O)
Leather (S)
Matte Obeche wood trim (O)
Nappa leather on armrests and door panels (O)
Piano black decor accents (S)
2 x activated carbon air purification filters (S)
Automatic keyless entry (S)
Carbon fibre spoiler (S)
Center armrest with two cup holders (S)
Front sun visors with mirrors (S)
Fully trimmed frunk and rear cargo area with keyless open (S)
Glove compartment (S)
HEPA filter system with Bioweapon Defense Mode (S)
Integrated Center Console (O)
Micro-filter ventilation system with replaceable filters (S)
Open center console storage area (S)
Parcel shelf (S)
Red Brake Calipers (O)
3-point front seats safety belts with pretentioners, load limiters, lap anchor pretensioners (S)
3-point second row safety belts for all seats (S)
360-degree parking camera (O)
4-wheel anti-lock braking system (ABS) (S)
Advanced side curtain air bags (S)
Anti-theft alarm and immobilizer system (S)
Automatic driving on city streets (O)
Automatic emergency braking (S)
Autopark - parallel and perendicular self-parking (O)
Crash sensor for high voltage disconnect (S)
Driver and front passenger knee air bags (S)
Driver and front passenger seat sensors (S)
Driver and front passenger seat side air bags (S)
Driver and passenger front air bags (S)
Driver seat position sensor (S)
Electronic Brake Force Distribution (S)
3 x forward looking cameras (S)
Forward looking radar hidden near the Tesla front logo (S)
2 x forward looking side cameras (O)
Front and rear parking sensors (S)
Front collision warning (S)
Front row acoustic safety belt warning (S)
High-Speed autosteer (S)
Integrated Advanced Stability Control (S)
Interior, emergency manual release mechanism for all doors, frunk and rear cargo area (S)
Lane depart sensors (S)
Lane keeping with automatic steering (S)
Navigate on Autopilot (O)
Rear door child safety locks (S)
1 x rearward looking camera (S)
2 x rearward looking side cameras (O)
Recognize and respond to traffic lights and stop signs (O)
Rollover crash sensor (S)
Side collision warning (S)
Summon your car remotely (O)
Three second row LATCH attchments (S)
Tire pressure monitoring system (S)
Traffic aware cruise control (TACC) (S)
12 x ultrasonic sensors (wider range) (S)
12V power outlet (S)
17-inch capacitive touchscreen (S)
AM/FM/HD radio (S)
Bluetooth (S)
Dual-front USB ports (S)
Flash memory storage (S)
High-definition back-up camera (O)
Homelink with auto open/close of garage door/gate (S)
Maps and Navigation with real-time traffic updates (S)
Satellite radio (S)
11 x speakers, custom audio system (S)
Standard-definition back-up camera (S)
Streaming audio (S)
Wi-Fi ready (S)
Wireless connectivity (capability) (O)
Automatic dual-zone climate control (S)
60/40 split fold-down rear seatback (S)
Built-in rear-facing child seats (O)
Driver seat detection sensor for start-stop functionality (S)
Heated 12-way power front seats with four-way power lumbar (S)
Heated front and rear seats (S)
Ventilated front seats (S)
3-spoke multi-function steering wheel with tactile controls (S)
Heated stearing wheel (S)
Active panoramic roof (O)
Auto present door handles (S)
Black or body coloured aluminum roof (S)
Flush-mounted door handles (S)
Frameless, tempered safety glass front windows (S)
Lighted door handles (S)
Manual rear liftgate (S)
Metal interior door handles (S)
Power rear liftgate (S)
Power windows with one-touch up/down (S)
Rain-sensing, adjustable-speed windshield wipers (S)
Solar-absorbing, laminated safety glass rear window with defroster (S)
Solid glass roof (O)
UV and infrared blocking safety glass windshield (S)
Windscreen wiper/de-icer (S)
Auto-dimming mirrors (S)
Power-folding and heated side mirrors (S)
3-position LED turning headlights (S)
Automatic high/low beam headlights (S)
Bi-functional automatic halogen headlights (S)
Bi-functional high intensity Xenon headlamps (O)
Convenienve lighting (S)
Fascia-mounted rear reflex reflectors (S)
Feature backlit, turn side-repeator lamps (S)
Front LED map lights (S)
High-mounted LED stop lamp (S)
LED ambient interior lighting (S)
LED cornering lights (S)
LED daytime running lights (S)
LED front and rear side-marker lights (S)
LED front fog lamps (S)
LED rear taillights (S)
Liftgate mounted LED tail and LED back up lamps (S)
Park lights (S)
Steering-activated LED cornering lights (O)
Carbon fibre accents (O)
Cloth and synthetic leather materials (S)
Dark ash wood decor (S)
Figured ash wood decor (O)
Piano black decor accents (S)
Vegan interior with Premium Seats (O)

Additional information

Additional information about this electric vehicle.

Additional informationThe Model S P85 and P85+ have been discontinued on November 12
2014 together with the green and brown colour options. However
Tesla has upgraded via a software update the electric motor to 350 kW in 2015 for vehicles that are already delivered.
Tesla announced a change in the electric motors configuration of the Model S as of April 2019.
 2014 Tesla Model S P85+2020 Tesla Model S Performance (SR)