Comparison between:
- 2012 Tesla Model S Signature 85 RWD
- 2013 Tesla Model S Base 40 RWD
- 2014 Tesla Model S 60 RWD

Brand, model, trim, price

Information about the brand, series, model name and year, trim and price of the electric vehicle.

2012 Tesla Model S Signature 85 RWD2013 Tesla Model S Base 40 RWD2014 Tesla Model S 60 RWD
2012 Tesla Model S Signature 85 RWD2013 Tesla Model S Base 40 RWD2014 Tesla Model S 60 RWD
TrimSignature 85 RWDBase 40 RWD60 RWD
Model year201220132014
MarketNorth AmericaNorth AmericaNorth America, Europe

Body style, dimensions, volumes, weights.

Information about the EV body style, dimensions, clearance, volumes, curb weight, GVWR.

Body styleSedanSedanSedan
MaterialsAluminium
high-strength boron steel
Aluminium
high-strength boron steel
Aluminium
high-strength boron steel
Exterior colorsSierra Black
San Simeon Silver Metallic
Shasta Pearl White
Signature Red
Sierra Black
Catalina White
Monterey Blue Metallic
Shasta Pearl White
San Simenon Silver Metallic
Tiburon Gray Metallic
Anza Brown Metallic
Sequoia Green Metallic
Solid Black
Solid White
Steel Grey Metallic
Silver Metallic
Brown Metallic
Blue Metallic
Green Metallic
Pearl White Multi-Coat
Red Multi-Coat
Interior colorsBlack
White
Tan
Black
Grey
Tan
Black
Grey
Tan
Number of doors444
Number of seats555
Length196.0 in
4978 mm
196.0 in
4978 mm
196.0 in
4978 mm
Width77.3 in
1963 mm
77.3 in
1963 mm
77.3 in
1963 mm
Width with mirrors86.2 in
2189 mm
86.2 in
2189 mm
86.2 in
2189 mm
Width with folded mirrors77.3 in
1963 mm
77.3 in
1963 mm
77.3 in
1963 mm
Height56.5 in
1435 mm
56.5 in
1435 mm
56.5 in
1435 mm
Wheelbase116.5 in
2960 mm
116.5 in
2960 mm
116.5 in
2960 mm
Front track65.4 in
1661 mm
65.4 in
1661 mm
65.4 in
1661 mm
Rear track66.9 in
1699 mm
66.9 in
1699 mm
66.9 in
1699 mm
Clearance6.0 in
152 mm
5.7 in
144 mm
5.7 in
144 mm
Minimum clearance-4.7 in
119 mm
4.7 in
119 mm
Maximum clearance-6.4 in
163 mm
6.4 in
163 mm
Front headroom38.8 in
986 mm
38.8 in
986 mm
38.8 in
986 mm
Rear headroom35.3 in
897 mm
35.3 in
897 mm
35.3 in
897 mm
Front shoulder room57.7 in
1466 mm
57.7 in
1466 mm
57.7 in
1466 mm
Rear shoulder room55.0 in
1397 mm
55.0 in
1397 mm
55.0 in
1397 mm
Front hip room55.0 in
1397 mm
55.0 in
1397 mm
55.0 in
1397 mm
Rear hip room54.7 in
1389 mm
54.7 in
1389 mm
54.7 in
1389 mm
Front legroom42.7 in
1085 mm
42.7 in
1084 mm
42.7 in
1084 mm
Rear legroom35.4 in
899 mm
35.4 in
899 mm
35.4 in
899 mm
Trunk volume744.7 l
26.30 ft3
0.74 m3
744.7 l
26.30 ft3
0.74 m3
744.7 l
26.30 ft3
0.74 m3
Maximum trunk volume1645.2 l
58.10 ft3
1.65 m3
1645.2 l
58.10 ft3
1.65 m3
1645.2 l
58.10 ft3
1.65 m3
Secondary trunk volume150.1 l
5.30 ft3
0.15 m3
150.1 l
5.30 ft3
0.15 m3
150.1 l
5.30 ft3
0.15 m3
Curb weight4629.71 lb
2100 kg
4407.04 lb
1999 kg
4407.04 lb
1999 kg
Payload1080.27 lb
490 kg
1302.93 lb
591 kg
1302.93 lb
591 kg
GVWR5709.97 lb
2590 kg
5709.97 lb
2590 kg
5709.97 lb
2590 kg
Drag coefficient0.24 Cd0.24 Cd0.24 Cd
Additional informationOptional rear-facing child seat available (seats up to two children)Optional rear-facing child seat available (seats up to two children)
The single value ground clearance is valid for dual motor vehicles with Coil Suspension
The ground clearance range is valid for vehicles with Air Suspension
Optional rear-facing child seat available (seats up to two children)
The single value ground clearance is valid for dual motor vehicles with Coil Suspension
The ground clearance range is valid for vehicles with Air Suspension

Electric motor

Information about the model's electric motor and its performance

ManufacturerTeslaTeslaTesla
Electric motor typeAC induction/asynchronousAC induction/asynchronousAC induction/asynchronous
Location of the motorRearRearRear
Voltage375 V375 V375 V
Power270 kW
362.1 hp
367.1 ps
225 kW
301.7 hp
305.9 ps
225 kW
301.7 hp
305.9 ps
Maximum power RPM6000 - 9500 rpm5000 rpm5000 rpm
Torque440 Nm
44.9 kgm
324.5 ft-lb
430 Nm
43.8 kgm
317.2 ft-lb
430 Nm
43.8 kgm
317.2 ft-lb
Maximum torque RPM5800 rpm5000 rpm-
Regenerative brakingYesYesYes
Additional information3-phase 4-pole AC induction motor with a copper rotor
Liquid cooled with variable frequency drive
3-phase 4-pole AC induction motor with a copper rotor
Liquid cooled with variable frequency drive
Planned power 175 kW but delivered vehicles with 225 kW
3-phase 4-pole AC induction motor with a copper rotor
Liquid cooled with variable frequency drive

Performance

Information about the top speed and acceleration of the model.

Top speed124.9 mph
201.0 km/h
110.0 mph
177.0 km/h
119.9 mph
193.0 km/h
Acceleration from 0 to 100 km/h5.70 s6.80 s6.80 s
Acceleration from 0 to 60 mph5.40 s6.50 s6.50 s

Driving range

Information about the official driving range of the model according to EPA, NEDC, WPTL.

Driving rangeNEDC: 311.9 mi / 502.0 km
EPA: 265.0 mi / 426.5 km
EPA: 139.0 mi / 223.7 kmNEDC: 233.0 mi / 375.0 km
EPA: 208.0 mi / 334.7 km

Energy efficiency

Information about the energy efficiency of the model in various measurement units according to EPA, NEDC, WPTL.

Energy efficiencyEPA, CMB: 38 kWh/100 mi
EPA, CTY: 88 MPGe
EPA, CMB: 89 MPGe
EPA, HWY: 90 MPGe
EPA, CMB: 36 kWh/100 mi
EPA, CTY: 93 MPGe
EPA, CMB: 94 MPGe
EPA, HWY: 96 MPGe
EPA, CMB: 35 kWh/100 mi
EPA, CTY: 94 MPGe
EPA, CMB: 95 MPGe
EPA, HWY: 97 MPGe

Energy class

Information about the energy class of the electric car.

Energy classAAA

Steering

Information about the type of the steering mechanism of the model and related features.

Type of steering mechanismRack and pinionRack and pinionRack and pinion
Type of power steeringElectronicElectronicElectronic
Turning circle11.27 m
36.98 ft
11.27 m
36.98 ft
11.27 m
36.98 ft
Lock-to-lock turns2.452.452.45
Additional informationSteering ratio (overall ratio): 13:1Steering ratio (overall ratio): 13:1Steering ratio (overall ratio): 13:1

Transmission

Information about the transmission of the model.

Type of transmissionAutomatic single-speed reduction gearAutomatic single-speed reduction gearAutomatic single-speed reduction gear
DrivetrainRear-wheel drive (RWD)Rear-wheel drive (RWD)Rear-wheel drive (RWD)
Axle ratio9.739.739.73

Suspension

Information about the system of components that connects the wheels and axles to the chassis.

Front suspensionIndependent
Double wishbone
Anti-roll bar (stabilizer link / stabilizer bar)
Shock absorbers
Active Air Suspension (optional)
Independent
Double wishbone
Anti-roll bar (stabilizer link / stabilizer bar)
Shock absorbers
Active Air Suspension (optional)
Independent
Double wishbone
Anti-roll bar (stabilizer link / stabilizer bar)
Shock absorbers
Smart Air Suspension (optional)
Rear suspensionIndependent
Multi-link
Anti-roll bar (stabilizer link / stabilizer bar)
Shock absorbers
Active Air Suspension (optional)
Independent
Multi-link
Anti-roll bar (stabilizer link / stabilizer bar)
Shock absorbers
Active Air Suspension (optional)
Independent
Multi-link
Anti-roll bar (stabilizer link / stabilizer bar)
Shock absorbers
Smart Air Suspension (optional)

Brakes

Information about the brake system used on this model.

Front brakesVentilated discsVentilated discsVentilated discs
Rear brakesVentilated discsVentilated discsVentilated discs
Additional informationFront brakes: Aluminium 4 piston fixed calliper with 355 mm x 32 mm ventilated rotor
Rear brakes: Aluminium 4 piston fixed calliper with 365 mm x 28 mm ventilated rotor
Front brakes: Aluminium 4 piston fixed calliper with 355 mm x 32 mm ventilated rotor
Rear brakes: Aluminium 4 piston fixed calliper with 365 mm x 28 mm ventilated rotor
Front brakes: Aluminium 4 piston fixed calliper with 355 mm x 32 mm ventilated rotor
Rear brakes: Aluminium 4 piston fixed calliper with 365 mm x 28 mm ventilated rotor

Rims

Information about the rims available for this electric car.

Rims8Jx19 ET40
8.5Jx21 ET40
8.5Jx21 ET40
8Jx19 ET40
8.5Jx21 ET40
8.5Jx21 ET40
8Jx19 ET40
8.5Jx21 ET40
8.5Jx21 ET40

Tyres

Information about the tyres available for this electric vehicle.

Tyres245/35R21 96Y
245/45R19 98V
245/45R19 98V
245/35R21 96Y
245/45R19 98V
245/35R21 96Y

Battery

Specifications and features of the rechargeable battery that powers this vehicle.

ManufacturerPanasonicPanasonicPanasonic
ModelNCR18650ANCR18650ANCR18650A
Type of rechargeable batteryLithium-IonLithium-IonLithium-Ion
Battery capacity85 kWh40 kWh60 kWh
Number of cells710450405040
Number of modules161414
Voltage346 V302 V302 V
Energy density225 Wh/kg--
Weight1330.05 lb
603.3 kg
1149.93 lb
521.6 kg
1149.93 lb
521.6 kg
LocationUnder the floor, middleUnder the floor, middleUnder the floor, middle
CoolingWater-based coolant circulationWater-based coolant circulationWater-based coolant circulation
Minimum ambient temperature-30 °C
-22 °F
-30 °C
-22 °F
-30 °C
-22 °F
Maximum ambient temperature60 °C
140 °F
60 °C
140 °F
60 °C
140 °F
Additional information-The delivered vehicles actually had a 60 kWh battery software limited to 40 kWh.-

Charging type

Information about the different types of charging of this specific electric car.

Charging typeNEMA 5-15, 1.44 kW
SAE J1772 Adapter, 5.76 kW
NEMA 14-50, 9.6 kW
Wall Connector, 11.5 kW
Supercharger, 90 kW
NEMA 5-15, 1.44 kW
SAE J1772 Adapter, 5.76 kW
NEMA 14-50, 9.6 kW
Wall Connector, 11.5 kW
NEMA 5-15, 1.44 kW
SAE J1772 Adapter, 5.76 kW
NEMA 14-50, 9.6 kW
Wall Connector, 11.5 kW
Supercharger, 120 kW

Onboard charger/Charging port

Information about the onboard charger(s)/charging port(s) available on this electric vehicle.

Onboard charger/Charging portOnboard charger, Tesla, 10 kW
Twin chargers, Tesla, 20 kW
Onboard charger, Tesla, 10 kW
Twin chargers, Tesla, 20 kW
Onboard charger, Tesla, 10 kW
Onboard charger, Type 2, 11 kW
Twin chargers, Tesla, 20 kW
Twin chargers, Type 2, 22 kW

Charging time

Information about the estimated charging time for this EV depending on the various type of charging it supports.

Charging timeSupercharger, 0:45
Wall Connector, 4:15
SAE J1772 Adapter, 4:26-15:27
Wall Connector, 8:30
NEMA 14-50, 8:51
NEMA 5-15, 59:02
Wall Connector, 2:00
Wall Connector, 4:00
NEMA 14-50, 4:10
SAE J1772 Adapter, 6:57
NEMA 5-15, 27:47
Supercharger, 0:34
Wall Connector, 3:00
SAE J1772 Adapter, 3:08-10:25
Wall Connector, 6:00
NEMA 14-50, 6:15
NEMA 5-15, 41:40

Additional features

A list of standard and optional exterior and interior features of the model.

Additional featuresAutomatic keyless entry (S)
Center armrest with two cup holders (S)
Chrome visual cues on the left, right and and rear center bumper (S)
Front air intakes (S)
Front sun visors with mirrors (S)
Fully trimmed frunk and rear cargo area with keyless open (S)
Glove compartment (S)
Micro-filter ventilation system with replaceable filters (S)
Open center console storage area (S)
Parcel shelf (S)
3-point front seats safety belts with pretentioners, load limiters, lap anchor pretensioners (S)
3-point second row safety belts for all seats (S)
4-wheel anti-lock braking system (ABS) (S)
Advanced side curtain air bags (S)
Anti-theft alarm and immobilizer system (S)
Crash sensor for high voltage disconnect (S)
Driver and front passenger knee air bags (S)
Driver and front passenger seat sensors (S)
Driver and front passenger seat side air bags (S)
Driver and passenger front air bags (S)
Driver seat position sensor (S)
Electronic Brake Force Distribution (S)
Front row acoustic safety belt warning (S)
Integrated Advanced Stability Control (S)
Interior, emergency manual release mechanism for all doors, frunk and rear cargo area (S)
Rear door child safety locks (S)
Rollover crash sensor (S)
Three second row LATCH attchments (S)
Tire pressure monitoring system (S)
12V power outlet (S)
17-inch capacitive touchscreen (S)
AM/FM/HD radio (S)
Bluetooth (S)
Cruise control (S)
Dual-front USB ports (S)
Flash memory storage (S)
High-definition back-up camera (S)
Homelink for garage door opening (S)
Satellite radio ready (S)
12 x speakers, 580-watt Dolby Pro Logic IIx 7.1 surround sound (S)
Standard-definition back-up camera (S)
Streaming audio (S)
Turn by turn navigation with 7 years of free map updates (S)
Wi-Fi ready (S)
Wireless connectivity (capability) (S)
Automatic dual-zone climate control (S)
60/40 split fold-down rear seatback (S)
8-way, power adjustable front seats (S)
Built-in rear-facing child seats (S)
Driver seat detection sensor for start-stop functionality (S)
3-spoke multi-function steering wheel with tactile controls (S)
All-glass panoramic roof (O)
Auto present door handles (S)
Black or body coloured aluminum roof (S)
Flush-mounted door handles (S)
Frameless, tempered safety glass front windows (S)
Metal interior door handles (S)
Power rear liftgate (S)
Power windows with one-touch up/down (S)
Rain-sensing, adjustable-speed windshield wipers (S)
Solar-absorbing, laminated safety glass rear window with defroster (S)
UV and infrared blocking safety glass windshield (S)
Electrochromatic side mirrors (S)
Manual-folding side mirrors (S)
Bi-functional high intensity Xenon headlamps (S)
Convenience lighting (S)
Fascia-mounted rear reflex reflectors (S)
Feature backlit, turn side-repeator lamps (S)
Front LED map lights (S)
High-mounted LED stop lamp (S)
LED daytime running lights (S)
LED front and rear side-marker lights (S)
LED front fog lamps (S)
LED front turn lights (S)
LED rear taillights (S)
Liftgate mounted LED tail and LED back up lamps (S)
Park lights (S)
Rear seat LED reading light (S)
Steering-activated LED cornering lights (S)
Gloss wood trim (O)
Lacewood trim (O)
Leather (S)
Matte Obeche wood trim (O)
Piano black decor accents (S)
Automatic keyless entry (O)
Center armrest with two cup holders (S)
Chrome visual cues on the left, right and and rear center bumper (O)
Front air intakes (O)
Front sun visors with mirrors (S)
Fully trimmed frunk and rear cargo area with keyless open (S)
Glove compartment (S)
Keyless entry (S)
Micro-filter ventilation system with replaceable filters (S)
Open center console storage area (S)
Parcel shelf (O)
3-point front seats safety belts with pretentioners, load limiters, lap anchor pretensioners (S)
3-point second row safety belts for all seats (S)
4-wheel anti-lock braking system (ABS) (S)
Advanced side curtain air bags (S)
Anti-theft alarm and immobilizer system (S)
Crash sensor for high voltage disconnect (S)
Driver and front passenger knee air bags (S)
Driver and front passenger seat sensors (S)
Driver and front passenger seat side air bags (S)
Driver and passenger front air bags (S)
Driver seat position sensor (S)
Electronic Brake Force Distribution (S)
Front and rear parking sensors (O)
Front row acoustic safety belt warning (S)
Integrated Advanced Stability Control (S)
Interior, emergency manual release mechanism for all doors, frunk and rear cargo area (S)
Rear door child safety locks (S)
Rollover crash sensor (S)
Three second row LATCH attchments (S)
Tire pressure monitoring system (S)
12V power outlet (S)
17-inch capacitive touchscreen (S)
AM/FM/HD radio (S)
Bluetooth (S)
Cruise control (S)
Dual-front USB ports (S)
Flash memory storage (S)
High-definition back-up camera (O)
Homelink for garage door opening (O)
Satellite radio ready (O)
7 x speakers, 200-watt stereo system (S)
12 x speakers, 580-watt Dolby Pro Logic IIx 7.1 surround sound (O)
Standard-definition back-up camera (S)
Streaming audio (S)
Turn by turn navigation with 7 years of free map updates (O)
Wi-Fi ready (S)
Wireless connectivity (capability) (O)
Automatic dual-zone climate control (S)
3-zone rear seat heaters (O)
60/40 split fold-down rear seatback (S)
8-way, power adjustable front seats (S)
Built-in rear-facing child seats (O)
Driver seat detection sensor for start-stop functionality (S)
Heated front seats (S)
3-spoke multi-function steering wheel with tactile controls (S)
All-glass panoramic roof (O)
Auto present door handles (O)
Black or body coloured aluminum roof (S)
Flush-mounted door handles (S)
Frameless, tempered safety glass front windows (S)
Manual rear liftgate (S)
Metal interior door handles (S)
Power rear liftgate (O)
Power windows with one-touch up/down (S)
Rain-sensing, adjustable-speed windshield wipers (S)
Solar-absorbing, laminated safety glass rear window with defroster (S)
UV and infrared blocking safety glass windshield (S)
Washer nozzle heaters (O)
Wiper blade defrosters (O)
Electrochromatic side mirrors (O)
Manual-folding side mirrors (S)
Bi-functional automatic halogen headlights (S)
Bi-functional high intensity Xenon headlamps (O)
Convenience lighting (O)
Fascia-mounted rear reflex reflectors (S)
Feature backlit, turn side-repeator lamps (S)
Front LED map lights (S)
High-mounted LED stop lamp (S)
LED cornering lights (O)
LED daytime running lights (O)
LED front and rear side-marker lights (S)
LED front fog lamps (O)
LED rear taillights (S)
Liftgate mounted LED tail and LED back up lamps (S)
Park lights (S)
Premium Interior LED Lighting (O)
Steering-activated LED cornering lights (O)
Cloth and synthetic leather materials (S)
Piano black decor accents (S)
Automatic keyless entry (O)
Center armrest with two cup holders (S)
Chrome visual cues on the left, right and and rear center bumper (O)
Front air intakes (O)
Front sun visors with mirrors (S)
Fully trimmed frunk and rear cargo area with keyless open (S)
Glove compartment (S)
Keyless entry (S)
Micro-filter ventilation system with replaceable filters (S)
Open center console storage area (S)
Parcel shelf (S)
3-point front seats safety belts with pretentioners, load limiters, lap anchor pretensioners (S)
3-point second row safety belts for all seats (S)
4-wheel anti-lock braking system (ABS) (S)
Advanced side curtain air bags (S)
Anti-theft alarm and immobilizer system (S)
Crash sensor for high voltage disconnect (S)
Driver and front passenger knee air bags (S)
Driver and front passenger seat sensors (S)
Driver and front passenger seat side air bags (S)
Driver and passenger front air bags (S)
Driver seat position sensor (S)
Electronic Brake Force Distribution (S)
Forward looking radar in the lower front grille (O)
Front and rear parking sensors (O)
Front row acoustic safety belt warning (S)
Integrated Advanced Stability Control (S)
Interior, emergency manual release mechanism for all doors, frunk and rear cargo area (S)
Lane depart sensors (O)
Looking forward camera in the top centre of the windshield (O)
Rear door child safety locks (S)
Rollover crash sensor (S)
Speed assist (O)
Three second row LATCH attchments (S)
Tire pressure monitoring system (S)
Traffic aware cruise control (TACC) (O)
Ultrasonic sensors on the front and rear bumpers (O)
12V power outlet (S)
17-inch capacitive touchscreen (S)
AM/FM/HD radio (S)
Amplifier (O)
Bluetooth (S)
Cruise control (S)
Dual-front USB ports (S)
Flash memory storage (S)
High-definition back-up camera (O)
Homelink for garage door opening (O)
Satellite radio (O)
7 x speakers, 200-watt stereo system (S)
12 x speakers, 580-watt Dolby Pro Logic IIx 7.1 surround sound (O)
Standard-definition back-up camera (S)
Streaming audio (S)
Turn by turn navigation with 7 years of free map updates (O)
Wi-Fi ready (S)
Wireless connectivity (capability) (O)
Automatic dual-zone climate control (S)
60/40 split fold-down rear seatback (S)
Built-in rear-facing child seats (O)
Driver seat detection sensor for start-stop functionality (S)
Heated eight-way power front seats with four-way power lumbar (S)
Heated front and rear seats (O)
3-spoke multi-function steering wheel with tactile controls (S)
All-glass panoramic roof (O)
Auto present door handles (O)
Black or body coloured aluminum roof (S)
Flush-mounted door handles (S)
Frameless, tempered safety glass front windows (S)
Heated windshield wipers (O)
Lighted door handles (O)
Manual rear liftgate (S)
Metal interior door handles (S)
Power rear liftgate (O)
Power windows with one-touch up/down (S)
Rain-sensing, adjustable-speed windshield wipers (S)
Solar-absorbing, laminated safety glass rear window with defroster (S)
UV and infrared blocking safety glass windshield (S)
Auto-dimming mirrors (O)
Heated side mirrors (O)
Manual-folding side mirrors (S)
Automatic high-beam control (O)
Bi-functional automatic halogen headlights (S)
Bi-functional high intensity Xenon headlamps (O)
Convenience lighting (O)
Fascia-mounted rear reflex reflectors (S)
Feature backlit, turn side-repeator lamps (S)
Front LED map lights (S)
High-mounted LED stop lamp (S)
LED cornering lights (O)
LED daytime running lights (O)
LED front and rear side-marker lights (S)
LED front fog lamps (O)
LED rear taillights (S)
Liftgate mounted LED tail and LED back up lamps (S)
Park lights (S)
Premium Interior LED Lighting (O)
Steering-activated LED cornering lights (O)
Cloth and synthetic leather materials (S)
Gloss wood trim (O)
Lacewood trim (O)
Matte Obeche wood trim (O)
Nappa leather on armrests and door panels (O)
Piano black decor accents (S)

Additional information

Additional information about this electric vehicle.

Additional information-Announced and planned for production in Winter 2012 but never released. Software-limited 60 kWh versions delivered instead. Can be upgraded to use the full 60 kWh.-
 2012 Tesla Model S Signature 85 RWD2013 Tesla Model S Base 40 RWD2014 Tesla Model S 60 RWD