Comparison between:
- 2019 Nissan Leaf S
- 2019 Volkswagen e-up!
- 2020 smart EQ fortwo coupé
- 2019 Tesla Model S Performance (AC)

Brand, model, trim, price

Information about the brand, series, model name and year, trim and price of the electric vehicle.

2019 Nissan Leaf S2019 Volkswagen e-up!2020 smart EQ fortwo coupé2019 Tesla Model S Performance (AC)
SeriesZE1---
2019 Nissan Leaf S2019 Volkswagen e-up!2020 smart EQ fortwo coupé2019 Tesla Model S Performance (AC)
Model aliasLeaf Acenta--Model S Performance AC induction/asynchronous
TrimS--Performance (AC)
Model year2019201920202019
MarketNorth America, EuropeEuropeEuropeNorth America, Europe, China, Australia
PriceUSD 29,900 (USA, Jul 2019)
GBP 27,995 (UK, Jul 2019)
EUR 36,990 (NL, Jul 2019)
EUR 36,800 (DE, Jul 2019)
EUR 30,400 (FR, Jul 2019)
EUR 32,100 (ES, Jul 2019)
EUR 38,700 (IT, Jul 2019)
EUR 23,570 (DE, Jul 2019)GBP 21,195 (UK, Oct 2019)USD 99,990 (USA, Jul 2019)
GBP 85,500 (UK, Jul 2019)
EUR 98,900 (EU, Jul 2019)
AUD 159,105 (AU, Jul 2019)
CNY 840,700 (China, Jul 2019)

Body style, dimensions, volumes, weights.

Information about the EV body style, dimensions, clearance, volumes, curb weight, GVWR.

Body styleHatchbackHatchbackHatchbackSedan
MaterialsSteelSteel
Carbon-fiber
High-strength steelAluminium
high-strength boron steel
Exterior colorsBrilliant Silver Metallic
Gun Metallic
Jade Frost Metallic
Super Black
Scarlet Ember Tintcoat
Pearl White Tricoat
Glacier White
Deep Blue Pearl
Pearl White-Super Black
Black Pearl
Pure White
Teal Blue
Honey Yellow Metallic
Tungsten Silver Metallic
White Silver Metallic
White
Black
Carmine Red
Gold Beige
Lime Green
Cool Silver
Lava Orange
Midnight Blue
Moon White
Titania Grey
Graphite Grey
Solid Black
Midnight Silver Metallic
Deep Blue Metallic
Pearl White Multi-Coat
Red Multi-Coat
Interior colorsBlackBlack and GreyBlack
Black/Blue
Black/Grey
Black
Black and White
Number of doors5424
Number of seats5425
Length176.4 in
4481 mm
141.7 in
3600 mm
106.1 in
2695 mm
196.0 in
4978 mm
Width70.5 in
1791 mm
64.8 in
1645 mm
65.5 in
1663 mm
77.3 in
1963 mm
Width with mirrors79.9 in
2030 mm
75.2 in
1910 mm
74.5 in
1893 mm
86.2 in
2189 mm
Width with folded mirrors---77.3 in
1963 mm
Height61.4 in
1560 mm
58.7 in
1492 mm
61.2 in
1555 mm
56.9 in
1445 mm
Wheelbase106.3 in
2700 mm
95.2 in
2417 mm
73.7 in
1873 mm
116.5 in
2960 mm
Front track60.6 in
1539 mm
56.2 in
1428 mm
57.8 in
1469 mm
65.4 in
1661 mm
Rear track61.2 in
1555 mm
56.1 in
1424 mm
56.3 in
1430 mm
66.9 in
1699 mm
Clearance5.9 in
150 mm
5.3 in
135 mm
4.4 in
113 mm
5.5 in
140 mm
Minimum clearance---4.6 in
117 mm
Maximum clearance---6.3 in
160 mm
Front headroom41.2 in
1047 mm
39.1 in
993 mm
-38.8 in
986 mm
Rear headroom37.3 in
948 mm
37.3 in
947 mm
-35.3 in
897 mm
Front shoulder room54.3 in
1379 mm
--57.7 in
1466 mm
Rear shoulder room52.5 in
1334 mm
--55.0 in
1397 mm
Front hip room51.5 in
1308 mm
53.9 in
1369 mm
-55.0 in
1397 mm
Rear hip room50.0 in
1270 mm
54.6 in
1388 mm
-54.7 in
1389 mm
Front legroom42.1 in
1069 mm
39.7 in
1009 mm
-42.7 in
1085 mm
Rear legroom33.5 in
851 mm
31.2 in
793 mm
-35.4 in
899 mm
Passenger volume2617.0 l
92.42 ft3
2.62 m3
---
Total volume3285.0 l
116.01 ft3
3.29 m3
---
Trunk volume668.0 l
23.59 ft3
0.67 m3
251.0 l
8.86 ft3
0.25 m3
260.0 l
9.18 ft3
0.26 m3
744.7 l
26.30 ft3
0.74 m3
Maximum trunk volume850.0 l
30.02 ft3
0.85 m3
923.0 l
32.60 ft3
0.92 m3
350.0 l
12.36 ft3
0.35 m3
1645.2 l
58.10 ft3
1.65 m3
Secondary trunk volume---59.5 l
2.10 ft3
0.06 m3
Curb weight3434.8 lb
1558 kg
2709.48 lb
1229 kg
2392.02 lb
1085 kg
4940.56 lb
2241 kg
Payload952.4 lb
432 kg
663.59 lb
301 kg
496.04 lb
225 kg
1056.01 lb
479 kg
GVWR4387.2 lb
1990 kg
3373.07 lb
1530 kg
2888.06 lb
1310 kg
5996.57 lb
2720 kg
Drag coefficient0.28 Cd0.308 Cd-0.24 Cd
Additional information-Trunk volumes are measured according to the VDA standards.-Optional rear-facing child seat available (seats up to two children)
The single value ground clearance is valid for single motor vehicles with Coil Suspension
The ground clearance range is valid for vehicles with Air Suspension

Electric motor

Information about the model's electric motor and its performance

ManufacturerNissanVolkswagen-Tesla
ModelEM57---
Electric motor typePermanent magnet synchronousPermanent magnet synchronous-AC induction/asynchronous
Location of the motorFrontFrontRearRear
Voltage360 V--320 V
Power110 kW
147.5 hp
149.6 ps
60 kW
80.5 hp
81.6 ps
60 kW
80.5 hp
81.6 ps
375 kW
502.9 hp
509.9 ps
Maximum power RPM3283 - 9795 rpm3000 - 12000 rpm-5950 rpm
Torque320 Nm
32.6 kgm
236.0 ft-lb
210 Nm
21.4 kgm
154.9 ft-lb
160 Nm
16.3 kgm
118.0 ft-lb
600 Nm
61.2 kgm
442.5 ft-lb
Maximum torque RPM3283 rpm---
Regenerative brakingYesYesYesYes
Driving modesEco
Normal
B-mode
Eco
Eco+
Normal
--
Additional information-Four levels of regenerative braking - D1
D2
D3 and B
D level means no regen is applied
Eco mode power - 50 kW
Eco mode torque - 167 Nm
Eco+ mode power - 40 kW
Eco+ mode torque - 133 Nm
Radar-based recuperation3-phase 4-pole AC induction motor with a copper rotor
Liquid cooled with variable frequency drive
Total shaft power from the two motors as limited by the battery: 451 kW / 605 hp
Ludicrous mode is included

Second electric motor

Information about the model's second motor and its performance.

Manufacturer---Tesla
Motor type---AC induction/asynchronous
Location---Front
Voltage---320 V
Power---193 kW
258.8 hp
262.4 ps
Maximum power RPM---6100 rpm
Torque---330 Nm
33.7 kgm
243.4 ft-lb
Regenerative braking---Yes
Additional features---3-phase 4-pole AC induction motor with a copper rotor
Liquid cooled with variable frequency drive
Optional Ludicrous Mode

Performance

Information about the top speed and acceleration of the model.

Top speed89.5 mph
144.0 km/h
80.8 mph
130.0 km/h
80.8 mph
130.0 km/h
155.3 mph
250.0 km/h
Acceleration from 0 to 100 km/h7.90 s12.40 s11.50 s3.20 s
Acceleration from 0 to 60 mph7.50 s--3.00 s
Additional information-Eco mode top speed - 115 km/h
Eco mode 0-100 km/h acceleration - 15 s
Eco+ mode top speed - 90 km/h
-Acceleration 0-60 mp/h with Ludicrous Mode on - 2.4 s

Driving range

Information about the official driving range of the model according to EPA, NEDC, WPTL.

Driving rangeNEDC: 234.9 mi / 378.0 km
EPA: 151.0 mi / 243.0 km
WLTP: 167.8 mi / 270.0 km
WLTP: 87.6 mi / 141.0 kmNEDC: 98.8 mi / 159.0 km
Real range: 69.0 mi / 111.0 km
NEDC: 380.9 mi / 613.0 km
EPA: 315.0 mi / 506.9 km

Energy efficiency

Information about the energy efficiency of the model in various measurement units according to EPA, NEDC, WPTL.

Energy efficiencyEPA, HWY: 99 MPGe
EPA, CMB: 112 MPGe
EPA, CTY: 124 MPGe
WLTP, CMB: 15.5 kWh/100 kmWLTP, CMB: 17.6 kWh/100 kmEPA, CMB: 35 kWh/100 mi
EPA, CTY: 92 MPGe
EPA, CMB: 98 MPGe
EPA, HWY: 105 MPGe

Energy class

Information about the energy class of the electric car.

Energy classA+A-A

Steering

Information about the type of the steering mechanism of the model and related features.

Type of steering mechanismRack and pinionRack and pinionRack and pinionRack and pinion
Type of power steeringElectronicElectronicElectronicElectronic
Turning circle10.6 m
34.78 ft
9.8 m
32.15 ft
6.95 m
22.80 ft
12.4 m
40.68 ft
Lock-to-lock turns---2.45

Transmission

Information about the transmission of the model.

Type of transmissionAutomatic single-speed reduction gearAutomatic single-speed reduction gearAutomatic single-speed reduction gearAutomatic single-speed reduction gear
DrivetrainFront-wheel drive (FWD)Front-wheel drive (FWD)Rear-wheel drive (RWD)All-wheel drive (AWD)
Axle ratio8.1938--9.73
Axle ratio of the second electric motor.---9.34

Suspension

Information about the system of components that connects the wheels and axles to the chassis.

Front suspensionIndependent
MacPherson strut
Coil springs (helical springs)
Anti-roll bar (stabilizer link / stabilizer bar)
Independent
MacPherson strut
Double wishbone
Shock absorbers
Independent
MacPherson strut
Shock absorbers
Coil springs (helical springs)
Anti-roll bar (stabilizer link / stabilizer bar)
Independent
Double wishbone
Anti-roll bar (stabilizer link / stabilizer bar)
Smart Air Suspension
Telescopic shock absorbers
Rear suspensionTorsion beam (twist beam / torsion bar)
Anti-roll bar (stabilizer link / stabilizer bar)
Torsion beam (twist beam / torsion bar)Semi-independent
Torsion beam (twist beam / torsion bar)
Coil springs (helical springs)
Shock absorbers
Independent
Multi-link
Anti-roll bar (stabilizer link / stabilizer bar)
Smart Air Suspension
Telescopic shock absorbers

Brakes

Information about the brake system used on this model.

Front brakesVentilated discsVentilated discsVentilated discsVentilated discs
Rear brakesVentilated discsDrumsDrumsVentilated discs
Additional information4-wheel power-assisted disc brakes--Front brakes: Aluminium 4 piston fixed calliper with 355 mm x 32 mm ventilated rotor
Rear brakes: Aluminium 4 piston fixed calliper with 365 mm x 28 mm ventilated rotor

Rims

Information about the rims available for this electric car.

Rims6.5Jx16 ET405Jx14
5Jx15
-8Jx19 ET40
8.5Jx21 ET40
8.5Jx21 ET40
9Jx21 ET40

Tyres

Information about the tyres available for this electric vehicle.

Tyres205/55R16 89H165/70R14
165/65R15
165/65R15
185/60R15
245/45R19 98V
245/35R21 96Y
265/35R21 101Y

Battery

Specifications and features of the rechargeable battery that powers this vehicle.

ManufacturerAESCPanasonic-SanyoDeutsche AccumotivePanasonic
Model---NCR18650A
Type of rechargeable batteryLithium-IonLithium-IonLithium-IonLithium-Ion
Battery capacity40 kWh18.7 kWh17.6 kWh100 kWh
Number of cells192204968256
Number of modules2417316
Voltage350 V374 V-400 V
Energy density224 Wh/kg---
Weight668 lb
303 kg
507.06 lb
230 kg
--
Volume485.0 l
17.13 ft3
0.48 m3
---
LocationUnder the floor, middle-Under the floor, middleUnder the floor, middle
CoolingAir convection (passive)-Water-based coolant circulationWater-based coolant circulation
Minimum ambient temperature-35 °C
-31 °F
--40 °C
-40 °F
-30 °C
-22 °F
Maximum ambient temperature45 °C
113 °F
-50 °C
122 °F
60 °C
140 °F
Additional informationStacked laminated LiMn2O4 with LiNiO2/Graphite
Battery heater
Auxiliary 12-volt lead-acid battery
-Beattery heater-

Charging type

Information about the different types of charging of this specific electric car.

Charging typeEVSE cable, 2.3 kW
Wall box, 6.6 kW
Portable cable, 7.4 kW
Fast charging station, 50 kW
Household charging, 2.3 kW
Wallbox, 3.6 kW
Wallbox, 7.2 kW
DC fast charging, 40 kW
Wallbox, 4.6 kW
Wallbox, 22 kW
NEMA 5-15, 1.44 kW
SAE J1772 Adapter, 5.76 kW
NEMA 14-50, 9.6 kW
Wall Connector, 11.5 kW
Supercharger, 120 kW

Onboard charger/Charging port

Information about the onboard charger(s)/charging port(s) available on this electric vehicle.

Onboard charger/Charging portOnboard charger, Type 2, 6.6 kW
Onboard charger, Type 1, 6.6 kW
Quick charge port, Type 4, 50 kW
-Onboard charger, Type 2 CCS2, 4.6 kW
Onboard charger, Type 2 CCS2, 22 kW
Onboard charger, Type 2, 11 kW
Onboard charger, Tesla, 11.5 kW

Charging time

Information about the estimated charging time for this EV depending on the various type of charging it supports.

Charging timeFast charging station, 0:29-0:36
Wall box, 6:04-6:40
Portable cable, 6:04-6:40
EVSE cable, 17:24-26:00
DC fast charging, 0:28
Wallbox 7.2 kW, 2:36
Wallbox 3.6 kW, 5:12
Household charging, 8:08
Wallbox 22 kW, 0:48
Wallbox 4.6 kW, 3:50
Supercharger, 0:40
SAE J1772 Adapter, 5:13-17:22
Wall Connector, 8:42
NEMA 14-50, 10:25
NEMA 5-15, 69:27

Additional features

A list of standard and optional exterior and interior features of the model.

Additional featuresCargo area cover (O)
e-Pedal (S)
Tire repair kit (S)
3-point ALR/ELR seat belts (S)
Anti-lock Braking System (ABS) (S)
Automatic Emergency Braking (AEB) (S)
Brake Assist (S)
Child safety rear door locks (S)
Child seat upper tether anchor (S)
Electronic Brake force Distribution (EBD) (S)
Energy-absorbing front and rear bumpers (S)
Energy-absorbing steering column (S)
Front and rear assist grips (S)
Front and rear crumple zones (S)
Hill start assist (S)
LATCH (S)
Nissan Advanced Air Bag System (S)
Nissan Vehicle Immobilizer System (S)
Parking brake (manual, foot pedal) (S)
Pretensioners and load limiters on front belts (S)
RearView Monitor (S)
Side door guard beams (S)
Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) (S)
Traction Control System (TCS) (S)
Vehicle Dynamic Control (VDC) (S)
Vehicle Security System (VSS) (S)
5-inch color LCD display (S)
AM/FM/CD with MP3/WMA CD (S)
Auxiliary input jack (S)
Bluetooth (S)
Digital meter cluster (S)
Hands-free Text Messaging Assistant (S)
Palm-shift drive selector (S)
SiriusXM Satellite Radio (S)
4 x Speakers (S)
Streaming audio via Bluetooth (S)
Trip computer (S)
USB port (S)
Automatic Temperature Control (S)
Rear HVAC ducts (O)
Heater, AC timer (S)
4-way manual front passenger seat (S)
6-way manual driver's seat (S)
60/40 folding rear seats (S)
Front heated seats (O)
3-spoke (S)
Audio, Bluetooth switches (S)
Cruise control switches (S)
Eco-mode switch (S)
Heated (S)
Nissan Intelligent Key (S)
Power door locks w/auto locking system (S)
Power windows (S)
Rear window defroster with timer (S)
Remote charge door release (S)
Variable intermittent windshield wipers (S)
Heated outside mirrors (O)
Power remote-controlled outside mirrors (S)
Automatic on/off headlights (S)
Halogen headlights (S)
LED taillights (S)
Room lamp (S)
Bio suede PET material (S)
City emergency braking (S)
Combined front and side curtain airbags (S)
Cruise control (S)
Eectronic stability control (S)
Front airbag for driver and front passenger (S)
Front airbags for driver and passenger (S)
Immobilizer (S)
ParkPilot (O)
Rear parking sensors (S)
Rearview camera (O)
Side airbags for driver and front passenger (S)
Tire pressure monitor (S)
5-inch touchscreen (S)
maps+more system with navigation, Bluetooth, multimedia (S)
RCD 215 radio, CD and MP3 player (S)
6 x speakers (S)
Volkswagen Car-Net with a 3-year subscription (S)
Climatronic (S)
Asymmetrically folding 2-seat rear bench (S)
Heated front seats (S)
Height-adjustable driving seat (S)
3-spoke leather steering wheel (S)
Power windows for driver and front passenger (S)
Tinted rear windows (S)
Heated side mirrors (S)
Power-adjustable side mirrors (S)
Automatic headlights (S)
LED daytime running lights (S)
Cloth (S)
Centre console with drawer and double cup holder at front (S)
Gearshift lever knob in leather (chrome) (S)
Lockable glove compartment (S)
Storage compartment in doors, front (S)
Storage compartment in tailgate (S)
3-spoke, multi-function steering wheel in leather (S)
Acoustic presence indicator at speeds below 17 mph (S)
Active Brake Assist (S)
Anti-lock Braking System with electronic brake force distribution (S)
Breakdown kit with air compressor and sealant (S)
Central locking with radio remote control, visual locking-verification signal (S)
Crash sensor for activation of hazard warning lights (S)
Crosswind Assist (S)
Cruise control with limiter (S)
Electronic Stability Programme (S)
Front airbags for the driver and front passenger (S)
Hill Start Assist (S)
Immobilizer (S)
Knee airbag for the driver (S)
Lane Keeping Assist with acoustic and visual warning (S)
Seat belt reminder warning (S)
Three-point seat belts with belt tensioners and belt force limiters (S)
Tridion safety cell (S)
Two pelvis/thorax bags in the backrests of the seats (S)
Tyre pressure monitoring system (S)
Window airbags (S)
12 volt socket with cover (S)
7-inch multi-touch infotainment display (O)
Dashboard Instrument panel (S)
Digital Radio (S)
Instrument cluster with a 3.5-inch TFT colour display (S)
MirrorLink (O)
smart Media-System (O)
Exterior temperature indicator with frost warning (S)
Pre-entry climate control (S)
Front passenger seat with through-loading function (fully folding backrest) (S)
Heated seats (O)
Heated multi-function steering wheel (O)
Height-adjustable steering column (O)
Comfort windscreen wipers with intermittent wiper control and automatic wipe/wash function (S)
Driver's door mirrors electrically adjustable and heated (S)
Electric windows with convenience feature and obstruction sensor (S)
Heated rear window (S)
Painted door handles (body colour) (S)
Rear window wiper with intermittent wiper control and automatic wipe/washfunction (S)
Solid roof with fabric lining in black (S)
Sun visors for driver and front passenger with vanity mirrors (S)
H4 halogen headlamps with integrated LED daytime driving lights (S)
Headlamp range adjustment, manual (S)
Reading light for driver and front passenger (S)
Third brake light featuring LED technology (S)
Fabric (S)
Leather (O)
2 x activated carbon air purification filters (S)
Automatic keyless entry (S)
Carbon fibre spoiler (S)
Center armrest with two cup holders (S)
Front sun visors with mirrors (S)
Fully trimmed frunk and rear cargo area with keyless open (S)
Glove compartment (S)
HEPA filter system with Bioweapon Defense Mode (S)
Integrated Center Console (O)
Micro-filter ventilation system with replaceable filters (S)
Open center console storage area (S)
Parcel shelf (S)
Performance Pedal Set (brushed aluminium and rubber) (O)
Red Brake Calipers (O)
3-point front seats safety belts with pretentioners, load limiters, lap anchor pretensioners (S)
3-point second row safety belts for all seats (S)
360-degree parking camera (O)
4-wheel anti-lock braking system (ABS) (S)
Advanced side curtain air bags (S)
Anti-theft alarm and immobilizer system (S)
Automatic driving on city streets (O)
Automatic emergency braking (S)
Autopark - parallel and perendicular self-parking (O)
Crash sensor for high voltage disconnect (S)
Driver and front passenger knee air bags (S)
Driver and front passenger seat sensors (S)
Driver and front passenger seat side air bags (S)
Driver and passenger front air bags (S)
Driver seat position sensor (S)
Electronic Brake Force Distribution (S)
3 x forward looking cameras (O)
Forward looking radar (O)
2 x forward looking side cameras (O)
Front and rear parking sensors (S)
Front row acoustic safety belt warning (S)
High-Speed autosteer (O)
Integrated Advanced Stability Control (S)
Interior, emergency manual release mechanism for all doors, frunk and rear cargo area (S)
Lane depart sensors (S)
Lane keeping with automatic steering (O)
Navigate on Autopilot (O)
Rear door child safety locks (S)
1 x rearward looking camera (O)
2 x rearward looking side cameras (O)
Recognize and respond to traffic lights and stop signs (O)
Rollover crash sensor (S)
Summon your car remotely (O)
Three second row LATCH attchments (S)
Tire pressure monitoring system (S)
Traffic aware cruise control (TACC) (O)
12 x ultrasonic sensors (wider range) (O)
12V power outlet (S)
17-inch capacitive touchscreen (S)
AM/FM/HD radio (S)
Bluetooth (S)
Dual-front USB ports (S)
Flash memory storage (S)
High-definition back-up camera (O)
Homelink with auto open/close of garage door/gate (S)
Maps and Navigation with real-time traffic updates (S)
Satellite radio (S)
7 x speakers, 200-watt stereo system (S)
11 x speakers, custom audio system (S)
Standard-definition back-up camera (S)
Streaming audio (S)
Wi-Fi ready (S)
Wireless connectivity (capability) (O)
Automatic dual-zone climate control (S)
60/40 split fold-down rear seatback (S)
Built-in rear-facing child seats (O)
Driver seat detection sensor for start-stop functionality (S)
Heated eight-way power front seats with four-way power lumbar (S)
Heated front and rear seats (S)
Premium Seats (leather) (S)
Ventilated seats (S)
3-spoke multi-function steering wheel with tactile controls (S)
Heated stearing wheel (S)
Active panoramic roof (S)
Auto present door handles (S)
Black or body coloured aluminum roof (S)
Flush-mounted door handles (S)
Frameless, tempered safety glass front windows (S)
Lighted door handles (S)
Manual rear liftgate (S)
Metal interior door handles (S)
Power rear liftgate (S)
Power windows with one-touch up/down (S)
Rain-sensing, adjustable-speed windshield wipers (S)
Solar-absorbing, laminated safety glass rear window with defroster (S)
Solid glass roof (O)
UV and infrared blocking safety glass windshield (S)
Windscreen wiper/de-icer (S)
Auto-dimming mirrors (S)
Power-folding and heated side mirrors (S)
3-position LED turning headlights (S)
Automatic high/low beam headlights (S)
Bi-functional automatic halogen headlights (S)
Bi-functional high intensity Xenon headlamps (O)
Convenienve lighting (S)
Fascia-mounted rear reflex reflectors (S)
Feature backlit, turn side-repeator lamps (S)
Front LED map lights (S)
High-mounted LED stop lamp (S)
LED cornering lights (S)
LED daytime running lights (S)
LED front and rear side-marker lights (S)
LED front fog lamps (S)
LED rear taillights (S)
Liftgate mounted LED tail and LED back up lamps (S)
Park lights (S)
Steering-activated LED cornering lights (O)
Carbon fibre accents (S)
Dark ash wood decor (S)
Figured ash wood decor (O)
Piano black decor accents (S)
Vegan interior with Premium Seats (O)

Additional information

Additional information about this electric vehicle.

Additional information-Volkswagen e-Up! gets minor improvements in features and remains largely unchanged for the following 2018 and 2019 model years with updated (WLTP) efficiency and range in 2019.--
 2019 Nissan Leaf S2019 Volkswagen e-up!2020 smart EQ fortwo coupé2019 Tesla Model S Performance (AC)