Comparison between:
- 2016 Volkswagen e-up!
- 2019 Volkswagen e-up!
- 2020 smart EQ fortwo coupé
- 2014 Nissan Leaf S

Brand, model, trim, price

Information about the brand, series, model name and year, trim and price of the electric vehicle.

2016 Volkswagen e-up!2019 Volkswagen e-up!2020 smart EQ fortwo coupé2014 Nissan Leaf S
Series---ZE0
2016 Volkswagen e-up!2019 Volkswagen e-up!2020 smart EQ fortwo coupé2014 Nissan Leaf S
Trim---S
Model year2016201920202014
MarketEuropeEuropeEurope-
Price-EUR 23,570 (DE, Jul 2019)GBP 21,195 (UK, Oct 2019)-

Body style, dimensions, volumes, weights.

Information about the EV body style, dimensions, clearance, volumes, curb weight, GVWR.

Body styleHatchbackHatchbackHatchbackHatchback
MaterialsSteel
Carbon-fiber
Steel
Carbon-fiber
High-strength steelSteel
Exterior colorsBlack
Pure White
Blue
Dark Blue
Dark Silver
Light Silver
Black Pearl
Pure White
Teal Blue
Honey Yellow Metallic
Tungsten Silver Metallic
White Silver Metallic
White
Black
Carmine Red
Gold Beige
Lime Green
Cool Silver
Lava Orange
Midnight Blue
Moon White
Titania Grey
Graphite Grey
Brilliant Silver
Gun Metallic
Super Black
Cayenne Red Glacier White
Pearl White
Blue Ocean
Interior colorsBlackBlack and GreyBlack
Black/Blue
Black/Grey
Black
Number of doors4425
Number of seats4425
Length139.4 in
3540 mm
141.7 in
3600 mm
106.1 in
2695 mm
175.0 in
4445 mm
Width64.8 in
1645 mm
64.8 in
1645 mm
65.5 in
1663 mm
69.7 in
1770 mm
Width with mirrors75.2 in
1910 mm
75.2 in
1910 mm
74.5 in
1893 mm
77.4 in
1967 mm
Height58.7 in
1492 mm
58.7 in
1492 mm
61.2 in
1555 mm
61.0 in
1550 mm
Wheelbase95.3 in
2421 mm
95.2 in
2417 mm
73.7 in
1873 mm
106.3 in
2700 mm
Front track56.2 in
1428 mm
56.2 in
1428 mm
57.8 in
1469 mm
60.6 in
1539 mm
Rear track56.1 in
1424 mm
56.1 in
1424 mm
56.3 in
1430 mm
60.4 in
1534 mm
Clearance5.3 in
135 mm
5.3 in
135 mm
4.4 in
113 mm
6.3 in
160 mm
Front headroom39.1 in
993 mm
39.1 in
993 mm
-41.2 in
1047 mm
Rear headroom37.3 in
947 mm
37.3 in
947 mm
-37.3 in
948 mm
Front shoulder room---54.3 in
1379 mm
Rear shoulder room---52.5 in
1334 mm
Front hip room53.9 in
1369 mm
53.9 in
1369 mm
-51.5 in
1308 mm
Rear hip room54.6 in
1388 mm
54.6 in
1388 mm
-50.0 in
1270 mm
Front legroom39.7 in
1009 mm
39.7 in
1009 mm
-42.1 in
1069 mm
Rear legroom31.2 in
793 mm
31.2 in
793 mm
-33.3 in
846 mm
Passenger volume---2617.0 l
92.42 ft3
2.62 m3
Total volume---3296.0 l
116.40 ft3
3.30 m3
Trunk volume250.0 l
8.83 ft3
0.25 m3
251.0 l
8.86 ft3
0.25 m3
260.0 l
9.18 ft3
0.26 m3
680.0 l
24.01 ft3
0.68 m3
Maximum trunk volume923.0 l
32.60 ft3
0.92 m3
923.0 l
32.60 ft3
0.92 m3
350.0 l
12.36 ft3
0.35 m3
850.0 l
30.02 ft3
0.85 m3
Curb weight2511.07 lb
1139 kg
2709.48 lb
1229 kg
2392.02 lb
1085 kg
3240.8 lb
1470 kg
Payload795.87 lb
361 kg
663.59 lb
301 kg
496.04 lb
225 kg
952.4 lb
432 kg
GVWR3306.93 lb
1500 kg
3373.07 lb
1530 kg
2888.06 lb
1310 kg
4193.19 lb
1902 kg
Drag coefficient0.308 Cd0.308 Cd-0.28 Cd
Additional informationCurb weight with a 75 kg driver included - 1139 kg
Trunk volumes are measured according to VDA
Trunk volumes are measured according to the VDA standards.--

Electric motor

Information about the model's electric motor and its performance

ManufacturerVolkswagenVolkswagen-Nissan
Model---EM61
Electric motor typePermanent magnet synchronousPermanent magnet synchronous-Permanent magnet synchronous
Location of the motorFrontFrontRearFront
Voltage---360 V
Power60 kW
80.5 hp
81.6 ps
60 kW
80.5 hp
81.6 ps
60 kW
80.5 hp
81.6 ps
80 kW
107.3 hp
108.8 ps
Maximum power RPM2800 - 12000 rpm3000 - 12000 rpm--
Torque210 Nm
21.4 kgm
154.9 ft-lb
210 Nm
21.4 kgm
154.9 ft-lb
160 Nm
16.3 kgm
118.0 ft-lb
254 Nm
25.9 kgm
187.3 ft-lb
Regenerative brakingYesYesYesYes
Driving modesEco
Eco+
Normal
Eco
Eco+
Normal
-Eco
Normal
Additional informationFour levels of regenerative braking - D1
D2
D3 and B
D level means no regen is applied
Eco mode power - 50 kW
Eco mode torque - 167 Nm
Eco+ mode power - 40 kW
Eco+ mode torque - 133 Nm
Four levels of regenerative braking - D1
D2
D3 and B
D level means no regen is applied
Eco mode power - 50 kW
Eco mode torque - 167 Nm
Eco+ mode power - 40 kW
Eco+ mode torque - 133 Nm
Radar-based recuperation-

Performance

Information about the top speed and acceleration of the model.

Top speed80.8 mph
130.0 km/h
80.8 mph
130.0 km/h
80.8 mph
130.0 km/h
90.1 mph
145.0 km/h
Acceleration from 0 to 100 km/h12.40 s12.40 s11.50 s11.30 s
Additional informationEco mode top speed - 115 km/h
Eco mode 0-100 km/h acceleration - 15 s
Eco+ mode top speed - 90 km/h
Eco mode top speed - 115 km/h
Eco mode 0-100 km/h acceleration - 15 s
Eco+ mode top speed - 90 km/h
--

Driving range

Information about the official driving range of the model according to EPA, NEDC, WPTL.

Driving rangeNEDC: 99.4 mi / 160.0 kmWLTP: 87.6 mi / 141.0 kmNEDC: 98.8 mi / 159.0 km
Real range: 69.0 mi / 111.0 km
EPA: 84.0 mi / 135.2 km

Energy efficiency

Information about the energy efficiency of the model in various measurement units according to EPA, NEDC, WPTL.

Energy efficiencyNEDC, CMB: 11.7 kWh/100 kmWLTP, CMB: 15.5 kWh/100 kmWLTP, CMB: 17.6 kWh/100 kmEPA, CTY: 17 kWh/100 km
EPA, CMB: 18.7 kWh/100 km
EPA, HWY: 21.2 kWh/100 km
EPA, CTY: 27.3 kWh/100 mi
EPA, CMB: 30 kWh/100 mi
EPA, HWY: 34 kWh/100 mi
EPA, HWY: 101 MPGe
EPA, CMB: 114 MPGe
EPA, CTY: 126 MPGe

Energy class

Information about the energy class of the electric car.

Energy classA+A-A

Steering

Information about the type of the steering mechanism of the model and related features.

Type of steering mechanismRack and pinionRack and pinionRack and pinionRack and pinion
Type of power steeringElectronicElectronicElectronicElectronic
Turning circle9.8 m
32.15 ft
9.8 m
32.15 ft
6.95 m
22.80 ft
10.4 m
34.12 ft

Transmission

Information about the transmission of the model.

Type of transmissionAutomatic single-speed reduction gearAutomatic single-speed reduction gearAutomatic single-speed reduction gearAutomatic single-speed reduction gear
DrivetrainFront-wheel drive (FWD)Front-wheel drive (FWD)Rear-wheel drive (RWD)Front-wheel drive (FWD)
Axle ratio---7.9377

Suspension

Information about the system of components that connects the wheels and axles to the chassis.

Front suspensionIndependent
MacPherson strut
Double wishbone
Shock absorbers
Independent
MacPherson strut
Double wishbone
Shock absorbers
Independent
MacPherson strut
Shock absorbers
Coil springs (helical springs)
Anti-roll bar (stabilizer link / stabilizer bar)
Independent
MacPherson strut
Coil springs (helical springs)
Anti-roll bar (stabilizer link / stabilizer bar)
Rear suspensionTorsion beam (twist beam / torsion bar)Torsion beam (twist beam / torsion bar)Semi-independent
Torsion beam (twist beam / torsion bar)
Coil springs (helical springs)
Shock absorbers
Torsion beam (twist beam / torsion bar)
Anti-roll bar (stabilizer link / stabilizer bar)

Brakes

Information about the brake system used on this model.

Front brakesVentilated discsVentilated discsVentilated discsVentilated discs
Rear brakesDrumsDrumsDrumsDiscs
Additional information---4-wheel power-assisted disc brakes

Rims

Information about the rims available for this electric car.

Rims-5Jx14
5Jx15
-6.5Jx16 ET40

Tyres

Information about the tyres available for this electric vehicle.

Tyres155/55R15165/70R14
165/65R15
165/65R15
185/60R15
205/55R16 89H

Battery

Specifications and features of the rechargeable battery that powers this vehicle.

ManufacturerPanasonic-SanyoPanasonic-SanyoDeutsche AccumotiveAESC
Type of rechargeable batteryLithium-IonLithium-IonLithium-IonLithium-Ion
Battery capacity18.7 kWh18.7 kWh17.6 kWh24 kWh
Number of cells20420496192
Number of modules1717348
Voltage374 V374 V-360 V
Energy density---157 Wh/kg
Weight507.06 lb
230 kg
507.06 lb
230 kg
-601.86 lb
273 kg
Volume---485.0 l
17.13 ft3
0.48 m3
LocationUnder the floor, middle-Under the floor, middleUnder the floor, middle
Cooling--Water-based coolant circulationAir convection (passive)
Minimum ambient temperature---40 °C
-40 °F
-35 °C
-31 °F
Maximum ambient temperature--50 °C
122 °F
45 °C
113 °F
Additional information--Beattery heaterStacked laminated LiMn2O4 with LiNiO2/Graphite
Battery heater
Auxiliary 12-volt lead-acid battery

Charging type

Information about the different types of charging of this specific electric car.

Charging typeHousehold charging, 2.3 kW
Wallbox, 3.6 kW
Wallbox, 7.2 kW
DC fast charging, 40 kW
Household charging, 2.3 kW
Wallbox, 3.6 kW
Wallbox, 7.2 kW
DC fast charging, 40 kW
Wallbox, 4.6 kW
Wallbox, 22 kW
EVSE cable, 2.3 kW
Portable cable, 7.4 kW

Onboard charger/Charging port

Information about the onboard charger(s)/charging port(s) available on this electric vehicle.

Onboard charger/Charging port--Onboard charger, Type 2 CCS2, 4.6 kW
Onboard charger, Type 2 CCS2, 22 kW
Onboard charger, Type 1, 3.6 kW
Onboard charger, Type 1, 6.6 kW
Quick charge port, Type 4, 50 kW

Charging time

Information about the estimated charging time for this EV depending on the various type of charging it supports.

Charging timeDC fast charging, 0:28
Wallbox 7.2 kW, 2:36
Wallbox 3.6 kW, 5:12
Household charging, 8:08
DC fast charging, 0:28
Wallbox 7.2 kW, 2:36
Wallbox 3.6 kW, 5:12
Household charging, 8:08
Wallbox 22 kW, 0:48
Wallbox 4.6 kW, 3:50
Fast charging station, 0:23-0:29
Portable cable, 3:39-4:00
Portable cable, 6:40-8:00
EVSE cable, 10:26-21:00

Additional features

A list of standard and optional exterior and interior features of the model.

Additional featuresFloor of the luggage compartment adjustable to two heights and removable (S)
City emergency braking (S)
Combined front and side curtain airbags (S)
Cruise control (S)
Eectronic stability control (S)
Front airbag for driver and front passenger (S)
Front airbags for driver and passenger (S)
Immobilizer (S)
Rear parking sensors (S)
Side airbags for driver and front passenger (S)
Tire pressure monitor (S)
5-inch touchscreen (S)
maps+more system with navigation, Bluetooth, multimedia (S)
RCD 215 radio, CD and MP3 player (S)
6 x speakers (S)
Volkswagen Car-Net with a 1-year subscription (S)
Climatronic (S)
Asymmetrically folding 2-seat rear bench (S)
Heated front seats (S)
Heated front seats (S)
Height-adjustable driving seat (S)
3-spoke leather steering wheel (S)
Power windows for driver and front passenger (S)
Tinted rear windows (S)
Power-adjustable side mirrors (S)
Automatic headlights (S)
LED daytime running lights (S)
Cloth (S)
City emergency braking (S)
Combined front and side curtain airbags (S)
Cruise control (S)
Eectronic stability control (S)
Front airbag for driver and front passenger (S)
Front airbags for driver and passenger (S)
Immobilizer (S)
ParkPilot (O)
Rear parking sensors (S)
Rearview camera (O)
Side airbags for driver and front passenger (S)
Tire pressure monitor (S)
5-inch touchscreen (S)
maps+more system with navigation, Bluetooth, multimedia (S)
RCD 215 radio, CD and MP3 player (S)
6 x speakers (S)
Volkswagen Car-Net with a 3-year subscription (S)
Climatronic (S)
Asymmetrically folding 2-seat rear bench (S)
Heated front seats (S)
Height-adjustable driving seat (S)
3-spoke leather steering wheel (S)
Power windows for driver and front passenger (S)
Tinted rear windows (S)
Heated side mirrors (S)
Power-adjustable side mirrors (S)
Automatic headlights (S)
LED daytime running lights (S)
Cloth (S)
Centre console with drawer and double cup holder at front (S)
Gearshift lever knob in leather (chrome) (S)
Lockable glove compartment (S)
Storage compartment in doors, front (S)
Storage compartment in tailgate (S)
3-spoke, multi-function steering wheel in leather (S)
Acoustic presence indicator at speeds below 17 mph (S)
Active Brake Assist (S)
Anti-lock Braking System with electronic brake force distribution (S)
Breakdown kit with air compressor and sealant (S)
Central locking with radio remote control, visual locking-verification signal (S)
Crash sensor for activation of hazard warning lights (S)
Crosswind Assist (S)
Cruise control with limiter (S)
Electronic Stability Programme (S)
Front airbags for the driver and front passenger (S)
Hill Start Assist (S)
Immobilizer (S)
Knee airbag for the driver (S)
Lane Keeping Assist with acoustic and visual warning (S)
Seat belt reminder warning (S)
Three-point seat belts with belt tensioners and belt force limiters (S)
Tridion safety cell (S)
Two pelvis/thorax bags in the backrests of the seats (S)
Tyre pressure monitoring system (S)
Window airbags (S)
12 volt socket with cover (S)
7-inch multi-touch infotainment display (O)
Dashboard Instrument panel (S)
Digital Radio (S)
Instrument cluster with a 3.5-inch TFT colour display (S)
MirrorLink (O)
smart Media-System (O)
Exterior temperature indicator with frost warning (S)
Pre-entry climate control (S)
Front passenger seat with through-loading function (fully folding backrest) (S)
Heated seats (O)
Heated multi-function steering wheel (O)
Height-adjustable steering column (O)
Comfort windscreen wipers with intermittent wiper control and automatic wipe/wash function (S)
Driver's door mirrors electrically adjustable and heated (S)
Electric windows with convenience feature and obstruction sensor (S)
Heated rear window (S)
Painted door handles (body colour) (S)
Rear window wiper with intermittent wiper control and automatic wipe/washfunction (S)
Solid roof with fabric lining in black (S)
Sun visors for driver and front passenger with vanity mirrors (S)
H4 halogen headlamps with integrated LED daytime driving lights (S)
Headlamp range adjustment, manual (S)
Reading light for driver and front passenger (S)
Third brake light featuring LED technology (S)
Fabric (S)
Leather (O)
Tire repair kit (S)
3-point ALR/ELR seat belts (S)
Anti-lock Braking System (ABS) (S)
Brake Assist (S)
Child safety rear door locks (S)
Child seat upper tether anchor (S)
Electronic Brake force Distribution (EBD) (S)
Energy-absorbing front and rear bumpers (S)
Energy-absorbing steering column (S)
Front and rear assist grips (S)
Front and rear crumple zones (S)
Hill start assist (S)
LATCH (S)
Nissan Advanced Air Bag System (S)
Nissan Vehicle Immobilizer System (S)
Parking brake (manual, foot pedal) (S)
Pretensioners and load limiters on front belts (S)
RearView Monitor (O)
Side door guard beams (S)
Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) (S)
Traction Control System (TCS) (S)
Vehicle Dynamic Control (VDC) (S)
Vehicle Security System (VSS) (S)
4.3-inch color LCD display (S)
AM/FM/CD with MP3/WMA CD (S)
Auxiliary input jack (S)
Bluetooth (S)
Digital meter cluster (S)
Palm-shift drive selector (S)
SiriusXM Satellite Radio (S)
4 x Speakers (S)
Trip computer (S)
USB port (S)
Automatic Temperature Control (S)
Rear HVAC ducts (S)
Heater, AC timer (S)
4-way manual front passenger seat (S)
6-way manual driver's seat (S)
60/40 folding rear seats (S)
Front and rear heated seats (S)
3-spoke, heated, leather wrapped (S)
Nissan Intelligent Key (S)
Power door locks w/auto locking system (S)
Power windows (S)
Rear window defroster with timer (S)
Remote charge door release (S)
Variable intermittent windshield wipers (S)
Heated outside mirrors (S)
Power remote-controlled outside mirrors (S)
Halogen headlights (S)
LED taillights (S)
Room lamp (S)
Cloth (S)

Additional information

Additional information about this electric vehicle.

Additional informationVolkswagen e-Up! has been announced at IAA 2013 and has remained largely unchanged for model years 2014
2015
2016.
Volkswagen e-Up! gets minor improvements in features and remains largely unchanged for the following 2018 and 2019 model years with updated (WLTP) efficiency and range in 2019.--
 2016 Volkswagen e-up!2019 Volkswagen e-up!2020 smart EQ fortwo coupé2014 Nissan Leaf S